Chrysanthemum × morifolium, a perennial member of the Asteraceae family, also called florist’s daisy or hardy garden mums.
It is 30-90 cm tall and wide and grows above ground as a herbaceous or somewhat woody perennial. The stems are erect. The leaves are broadly ovate in shape, with a wedge-shaped petiole that can be more than 150 mm long. The lower leaves are pinnate and become more entire toward the top of the stem. Deciduous in spring. Alternate, pinnately lobed and toothed. About 12 cm long, fleshy, covered with gray hairs. When wrinkled, it emits a strong odor.
Plant texture is thick and leathery. Branches have a silky texture and are covered with short feathers, forming dense clusters. The typical flower head is radial, or consisting of peripheral florets, hermaphroditic and ligulate, and the central florets are asexual, tubular, and hermaphroditic. The outer bracts are herbaceous, with narrowly scaly margins.
The complex total state inflorescence is several many cup-shaped partial inflorescences together. There are many varieties of tongue-shaped flowers ranging in color from green, white, yellow, pink to purple. Some varieties have simple flowers like daisies and others have more or less double flowers like pompons. They begin to bloom when there are less than 14 hours of sunlight.
Incidentally, during its thousand and a half years of cultivation, tens of thousands of varieties have been produced, with entirely different shapes, sizes, and colors of flower ears. It is mainly by looking at the leaves that one knows that it is a chrysanthemum.
Growing guide: How to plant and care
|Hardiness Zone||5 to 9 (USDA)|
|Height||2″ – 4″|
|Width||2″ – 3″|
|Bloom time||September to frost|
|Bloom description||Burnt orange with bronze-gold petal tips|
|Sun exposure||Full sun|
Buying guide: Where to buy the plant
To buy Garden Mum (Chrysanthemum morifolium ‘Bedazzled Bronze’) look no further than your local nursery or garden center! Garden Mum ‘Bedazzled Bronze’ is a beautiful chrysanthemum with bronze-colored flowers. This plant is perfect for adding color and interest to your garden.
Garden Mum ‘Bedazzled Bronze’ is available at most nurseries and garden centers. Prices vary depending on the size and location of the nursery or garden center.
Uses and Benefits
It is also notable for its popularity as an indoor houseplant due to its air-purifying properties, which, according to NASA research, remove chemicals such as trichloroethylene, benzene, formaldehyde, and ammonia from the air. Generally, fertilizer once a month and watering two to three times a week is optimal, depending on the climate. 1997 annual production was by far the largest in Japan (2 billion plants), followed by the Netherlands (800 million), Colombia (600 million), and Italy (500 million). c. × morifolium is USDA Zone 5-. C. × morifolium is cold tolerant to USDA zones 5-9.
Are Garden mums annuals or perennials?
Garden mums, also called hardy mums, are perennials. Chrysanthemums for cut flowers, such as spider mums and football mums, are perennials in zones 5 to 9, and these species are easily available online.
Can Garden mums survive the winter?
Garden mums are often referred to as hardy mums, but if you have poor drainage or live in a severely cold climate, they may not survive the winter. If the mums make it through the winter, you will see new shoots growing at the base of the plant in early spring.